Biography for Queen Elizabeth


Date of Birth

21 April 1926, Mayfair, London, England, UK

Birth Name

Elizabeth Alexandra Mary Windsor (Her Royal Highness Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary of York)




5′ 4″ (1.63 m)

Mini Biography

Princess Elizabeth Alexandra Mary was born on April 21, 1926, in London England to the second son of George V — Albert, Duke of York and the Duchess of York, the former Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon. Her sister Princess Margaret was born 4 years later. In 1936, when she was 10, her uncle, King Edward VIII (aka Duke of Windsor), caused a stir by abdicating the throne to marry a twice-divorced American named Wallis Warfield Simpson. His brother Albert was next in line to the throne, and he became George VI in honor of his father. She therefore became the Heiress Presumptive, meaning she would become Queen only if her parents did not have a son — who would be king before her. At the age of 13, she met 18-year-old Prince Philip, her distant cousin. As her grandmother Queen Mary put it with more detail, they were third cousins through their descent from Queen Victoria (they are both great-great grandchildren of hers) second cousins once removed through their descent from King Christian IX of Denmark (her great-grandmother was Christian’s daughter, his father was a descendant of his) and fourth cousins through their descent from George III (both of them being descendants of Queen Victoria — she was his granddaughter). They fell in love and wanted to get married, but her father wanted to make sure it was real and not just because this was the first person she loved. Before they got married, he renounced his royal title as a Prince of Greece and Denmark, became a British subject, and adopted the surname of his uncleLouis Mountbatten. He was named Duke of Edinburgh shortly before they got married but was not made a Prince of the United Kingdom until 1957. They got married on November 20, 1947. One year later, they had a son, Charles Philip Arthur George. In 1950, they had Anne Elizabeth Alice; in 1960, Prince Andrew; and in 1964, Prince Edward.

When they were in Kenya in 1952, they found out that her father had died of lung cancer so they returned as Queen and Consort. It was a busy time and got even busier. They worked at public engagements and, starting in the late 1970s, became grandparents. Anne had a son name Peter in 1977 and then a daughter named Zara in 1981 with her husband Captain Mark Phillips. Charles had William in 1982 and Henry in 1984 with his wife Diana. Andrew had Beatrice in 1988 and Eugenie in 1990 with his wife Sarah Ferguson. On November 20, 1997, they celebrated their 50th wedding anniversary with their family and also celebrated the fact that Windsor Castle was reconstructed after a fire in 1992.


Prince Philip (20 November 1947 – present) 4 children


Trade Mark

Dress suit, big hat, boxy handbag

Corgi dogs



Ascended British and Commonwealth thrones on February 6th, 1952.

Was crowned in Westminster Abbey in London on June 2, 1953. This coronation became the first major international television broadcast.

Son, Prince Charles Philip Arthur George, born Nov. 14, 1948.

Son, Prince Andrew Albert Christian Edward, born Feb. 19, 1960.

Son, Prince Edward Antony Richard Louis, (aka Edward Wessex) born March 10, 1964.

Daughter, Princess Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, born Aug. 15, 1950.

Daughter of Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother and King George VI.

Owns one of the world’s largest private collections of postage stamps.

She formally approves all government legislation, though she does this on the advice of the Prime Minister. It would create a massive crisis if she did not approve a piece of legislation.

She enjoys watching horse-racing, “Doctor Who” and the British comedy “Last of the Summer Wine” (1973) .

She has owned over 30 corgis over the years, and her four current dogs are named Pharos, Swift, Emma, and Linnet (as of February 2002).

Sister of Princess Margaret

Formerly the mother-in-law of Princess Diana and Sarah Ferguson.

Grandmother of Peter Phillips, Zara Phillips, Prince William Windsor, Prince Harry Windsor, ‘Princess Beatrice’, Princess Eugenie, Lady Louise Windsor and James Mountbatten-Windsor (Viscount Severn).

Granddaughter of King George V and Queen Mary.

Niece of King Edward VIII (Duke of Windsor), Mary the Princess Royal (aka Victoria, 1897-1965), Prince Henry (Duke of Gloucester), Prince George (‘Duke of Kent’), and Prince John (1905-1919).

Great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria and Prince Albert.

First cousin, twice removed, of Kaiser Wilhelm II, Tsarina Alexandra and Queen Victoria Eugenia.

Aunt of David Armstrong-Jones (Viscount Linley) and Sarah Armstrong-Jones.

First cousin of the Duke of Gloucester.

Earned her nickname “Lillibet” as a child, when she could not pronounce her name.

Great-granddaughter of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra.

Not including the United Kingdom, she is Queen of over a dozen countries, including Canada, New Zealand and Australia. Since she does not live in those countries, though she visits often, much of her duties are performed by a Governor General who she appoints on the advice of the Prime Minister of the country in question. It is important to note that neither the sovereign nor the Governors General, have had any hand in governing these countries since the 1930s, and their roles are purely ceremonial.

She owns the world’s finest Pink Diamond, It forms the Centre of a flower brooch and weights 54.50 carats.

Although most of the “Crown Jewels” are owned by the state, the British Royal Family do own one of the most valuable collection of jewels in the world, containing some of the worlds largest diamonds, Emeralds, Sapphires, and Rubies.

Time Magazine’s “Man (or Person) of the Year” (1953)

Learnt to drive in 1945 when she joined the Army.

Is fluent in French.

Has sat for 139 official portraits to date.

Has visited the sets of Britain’s most popular soap operas “Coronation Street” (1960), “EastEnders” (1985) and “Emmerdale” (1972).

Has received over 3 million items of correspondence during her reign.

At the time of her coronation, her favorite actors were Laurence Olivier, Gary Cooper and Dirk Bogarde.

Is portrayed by Helen Mirren in The Queen (2006).

Has never held a drivers license, despite driving an ambulance in WWII.

The 2009 Sunday Times List estimated her net worth at $442 million.

Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II became Queen in a tree house. At the time of her father’s death she was staying at the Treetops Hotel. It is literally built into the tops of the trees of the Aberdares National Park as a tree house, offering the guests a close view of the local wildlife in complete safety. It was there that, uniquely, she “went up a Princess and came down a Queen”. She was the first British monarch since the Act of Union in 1801 to be outside the country at the moment of succession, and also the first in modern times not to know the exact time of her accession (because her father, George VI, had died in his sleep at an unknown time). On the night her father died, Sir Horace Hearne, then Chief Justice of Kenya, escorted The Princess Elizabeth, as she then was, to a state dinner at the Treetops Hotel. Upon finding out that she was now Queen she returned immediately to Britain.

Has 8 grandchildren:Prince William Arthur Philip Louis (b. 21 June 1982), and Prince Henry Charles Albert David (b. 15 September 1984, Prince Charles’ sons), Peter Mark Andrew Phillips (b. 15 November 1977) and Zara Anne Elizabeth Phillips (b. 15 May 1981, Princess Anne’s children), Princess Beatrice Elizabeth Mary (b. 8 August 1988) and Princess Eugenie Victoria Helena (b. 23 March 1990, Prince Andrew’s daughters), Lady Louise Alice Elizabeth Mary (b. 8 November 2003) and James Alexander Philip Theo, Viscount Severn (b. 17 December 2007, Prince Edward’s children).

Third cousin of Princess Elizabeth of Yugoslavia.

Cousin of Lady Elizabeth Anson.


Personal Quotes

(1997) My husband has quite simply been my strength and stay all these years, and I owe him a debt greater than he would ever claim.

Grief is the price we pay for love.

[on her 1951 cross-Canada tour] My face is aching with smiling. I am not a Hollywood movie star and I do not propose to act as one.

[as Princess Elizabeth on her twenty-first birthday] It is very simple. I declare before you that my whole life, whether it be long or short, shall be devoted to your service.

Like all best families, we have our share of eccentricities, of impetuous and wayward youngsters and of family disagreements.

We lost the American colonies because we lacked the statesmanship to know the right time and the manner of yielding what is impossible to keep.

First I want to pay homage to Diana myself. She was an exceptional and gifted human being, In good times and bad, she never lost her capacity to smile and laugh, nor to inspire others with her warmth and kindness. I admired and respected her – for her energy and commitments to others, and especially to her two boys.

The British constitution has always been puzzling and always will be.

[upon seeing William for the first time] Thank goodness he hasn’t got ears like his father. Rejoice!


Where Are They Now

(May 2007) May 4-8. Her Majesty stayed in Jamestown, Virginia to celebrate the 400th anniversary of the colonizing of Jamestown.


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