Anand Bakshi was born on 21 July 1920 in Rawalpindi, British India (now Pakistan) & died on 30 March 2002 in Mumbai, India, was a popular Indian poet and lyricist.
Bakshi’s ancestors were from Kuri, near Rawalpindi, and had origins in Kashmir. His mother, Sumitra, died when he was 5. Bakshi’s family migrated to India (Lucknow) on 2 October 1947, in the aftermath of the partition, when he was 17 years old.
Before he established himself as a Lyrics writer for Hindi film songs, he served for 2 years in the Royal Indian Navy, (Karachi) and after partition he served 6 years in the Indian Army, based at Jubbalpore, with The Corps of Signals, and later with the E.M.E., Infantry.
Oct 1956 – He arrived again in Bombay, for the 2nd time, armed with about 60 songs, but did not find work, so he would sit in the waiting roomof Dadar Station, or the platform bench at Marine Lines Station, and continue write his dreams- songs.
His first published poem appeared in an Army publication, “Sainik Samachar”, and this boosted his morale and gave him confidence to try in Hindi films. (Later on, in the late 90’s, he even wrote a special songfor the Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dhun. He even wrote a song forthe Corps of Signals, on their invitation. After his death, the Corps of Signals established a “Bakshi Corner” in their Corps Museum.)
Anand Bakshi came to Hindi films to make a name for himself in writing and singing but ended up becoming more successful in writing lyrics. He got his break writing songs in a Brij Mohan’s film titled, “Bhala Aadmi”, acted by Bhagwan Dada. He wrote 4 songs in this film. His first song in this film was “Dharti Ke Laal Na Kar Itna Malaal” which was recorded on 9 Nov 1956. He found big success in 1965 and went on to work as a lyricist of over 3500 songs and 650 films in the course of his life. He got his first time singing in a film was in Mome Ki Gudiya(1972). The firstsong he sang was a duet “Baaghon me bahaar aayi hothon pe pukaar aayi”, along with Lata Mangeshkar. Laxmikant Pyarelal composed the music for Mome Ki Gudiya. He also sang songs in 4 other films: Sholay (1975) where he sang the quawwali “Chand Sa Koi Chehera” along with Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar, Bhupinder; Maha Chor (1976); Charas (1976); and, Balika Badhu (1976).
After writing for few movies from 1956 onwards, Bakshi made a mark for himself for writing a quawalli for the 1962 film Kaala Samundar, thesong was-“Meri Tasveer Lekar Kya Karoge tum”, and the film Mehendi Lagi Mere Haath. He got his real big breakthroughs in 1965 with Himalay Ki God Mein, and a huge breakthrough again in 1965 with the super hit film Jab Jab Phool Khile, starring Shashi Kapoor; and once again in 1967 with the super hit movie Milan (starring Sunil Dutt). With these two very big successful films, he got the opportunity to write for all star music composers and Producers and Directors, in Indian cinema.
Anand Bakshi’s association in Hindi films with film Music Composers include appox 300 films with Laxmikant Pyarelal, 97 films with R D Burman, 31 with Kalyanji-Anandji, 26 with Anu Malik, 17 with Rajesh Roshan ans his songs have been sung by singers like Shamshad Begum, Khursheed Bawra, Amirbai Karnataki, Bhushan & Party, Sudha Malhotra and more.
He wrote the first recorded songs of singers like Shailendra Singh, Kumar Sanu, Kavita Krishnamurthy, etc., and he established himself as a versatile lyricist with the song “Dum Maro Dum” in the movie Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1972).
After this, he wrote memorable lyrics in many movies including Bobby and Amar Prem (1971), Jeene Ki Raah with Jeetendra, Mera Gaon Mera Desh with Dharmendra, Aaye Din Bahar Ke, Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke, Seeta Aur Geeta with Hema Malini, Sholay (1975), Dharam Veer, Kalicharan, Vishwanath, Nagina, Mr. India, Hum (1991), Mohra (1994),Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Heer Raanjha, Taal (1998), Mohabbatein (2000), Gadar: Ek Prem Katha (2001) and Yaadein (2001).
Late in his life, he suffered from heart and lung disease as a consequence of life-long smoking. In 2001, he caught a bacterial infection at Nanavati hospital, during a minor heart surgery. He finally died of multiple organ failure on 30 March 2002 8PM at Mumbai’s Nanavati Hospital, at the age of 72.
The last released movie with lyrics by Anand Bakshi was Mehbooba (2008).
Bakshi received 40 Filmfare Award nominations, and won four Filmfare awards as best lyricist.