Poet, born in Galesburg, Illinois, USA. After trying various jobs, fighting in the Spanish-American War, and graduating from Lombard College, he became a journalist in Chicago, and started to write for Poetry. His work reflects industrial America, and includes Chicago Poems (1915) and Good Morning, America (1928).
His Complete Poems gained him the Pulitzer Prize in 1950. Interested in American folksongs, he published a collection in The American Songbag (1927). His popular two-part biography, Abraham Lincoln: the Prairie Years (1926) and Abraham Lincoln: the War Years (1939), was awarded the Pulitzer Prize in history (1940).